Describe how to manage an infant and a child with foreign bodies in their eyes, ears and nose. I would take the child in doors and keep the eyes, nose, and ears still to prevent further injuries. Wash out small particles out. Pad and bandage if large or not removable I would not try to remove any embedded objects. I would then seek medical help 999 inform my line manager and record everything in the accident stating the name, date, time, and everyone involved. In case it is needed for evidence. 3. 2.
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Describe how to recognise and manage common eye injuries. The common eye injuries are chemical burns, foreign bodies, and wounds. The eye would be very red and inflamed it would be very pain full. And it would weep. If it’s a foreign body you would may be able to see this and with wounds you may able to see bleeding or cut marks. I would wash out the eyes sight away with clean cool water. Making sure I’m wherein my gloves to keep out any infections. I would then pad the eye up and record all this in the accident book. Inform my line manager.
Then seek medical help by phoning 999 and calling their parents. 4. 1. Describe how to recognise and manage chronic medical conditions including: • sickle cell anaemia is a blood disorder that red blood cells become distorted and can block vessels in the body . The signs and symptoms are lack of energy and being breathless also they would look yellow in colour due to jaundice and they would be in severe pain. Straight away I would consult a doctor and my line manager I would recode these symptoms and everything else in my accident book.
I would also inform the parents. • Diabetes is when the body fails to regulate blood sugar levels. There are two types. Type 1 is insulin dependent body stops producing insulin. Type 2 is having little or ineffective insulin. Child would feel dizziness tired un well seem to be drowsiness or go in to shock . I would fist bring the child in to the fist aid room to help the child take or inject there insulin in to their body. If there is no change to their condition then I would urgently get medical help by phoning 999.
I would record everything in the accident book inform my line manager and the child’s parents • Asthma. Is reversible airway obstruction the signs and symptoms are difficulty breathing wheezing of the chest and tight chest . the treatment I would give to the child would be rest and reassure and help them to take their medication mark down the time and date the have taken it . if there is no change then I would phone 999 and also in from the line manager and the child’s parents. I would record everything in the accident book . 2. Describe how to recognise and manage serious sudden illnesses including: • Meningitis is a viral or bacterial infection that affects the brain covings. The signs and symptoms are abnormally drowsy, fever, vomiting and reluctance to feed also crying and restlessness, headache and dis like to light muscles ache and a rash. If I think I child was suffering from this I would straight away ring 999 and inform the line manager. I would also call the child’s parents and recode all information about the child in my accident book.
I would ask for letters to be sent home with every child from school telling them how to recognize the illness and what they need to do. • Febrile-convulsions. Commonly caused by a raised body temperature and it can be alarming but rarely dangerous the signs and symptoms are violent muscle twitching and hot flushed skin breath holding and loss of consciousness. The treatment I would give to this child would be to protect the child with pillows and padding I would remove clothing to stop any restrictions and ensure a supply of fresh air and sponge with tepid water doing head and toes .
ABC once the seizure is over monitors the child and phone 999. I would record all this in the accident book and inform my line manager and phone the child’s parents. 5. 1. Describe how to recognise and treat the effect of extreme cold for an infant and a child. The child would be shivering and look and feel cold they would or may look introverted, withdrawn switches off. they may have stiff limbs and shallow slow breathing there pule would be weak and the would be altering in level of consciousness may be possible cardiac arrest and if that would to happen I would go straight in to doing my A. B.
C if there are not having a cardiac arrest then First I would bring them in to a well heated room and put blankets on them to gradually heat them back up to the right temperature and I would give them a warm drink. I would record this in the accident book and inform my line manager and the child parents and inform the parents to take the to the hospital. If it was severe then I would waste no time and inform the ambulance services straight away 5. 2. Describe how to recognise and treat the effects of extreme heat for an infant and child. The child body would get to hot and there would be a lack of fluids and salt in the body.
If it’s not treated properly in can turn into heat stroke, child would be heavy sweating maybe dizziness and nausea and headache and also a fast heartbeat. With heat stroke skin feels hot dry and no sweating. They would have the feeling of being lost confused may even loss consciousness and have frequent vomiting, short breath and trouble breathing and it could lead to seizures. If this happened to me I would first get the child into a shady place and cool them down with cool water. Give them a cool drink and remove any unnecessary clothing and apply icepack to the neck area and armpits or groin. f its heat stroke I would inform the emergency services immediately . I would record all in the accident book inform my line manager and the child parents. 6. 1. Describe how to safely manage an incident involving electricity. Frist I would turn off the electricity supply. Then check for any other dangers and remove them. Check the child for injury’s and if any bleeding sort it straight away. I then would use my A. B. C if needed if the child was not breathing. Then straight away I would phone 999 wait for them to come but stop with the child.
Once they are there then I would call the child parents and I would also inform the line manager. And record all this in the accident book. 6. 2. Describe first aid treatments for electric shock incidents. First turn off the power supply. Check for any dangers around the body first. See if the are responsive if so then check the body for any injuries like burns check with the hand size of the casualties as its 1% for every hand if 5% and over they must go to hospital use cool water to clean the burn and use cling film to cover the burn not pads or bandages .
Cheek for loss of blood if there is a loss of blood see to that first and clean the womb with clean cool water and pad and bandage to stop the blood flow . If a child or adult is unresponsive and not breathing Then you must use A. B. C on them straight away . Phone 999 for ambulance services. Wait till the come. When they do record all in accident book report to line manger straight away. 7. 1. Describe how to recognise the severity of burns and scalds to an infant and a child and respond accordingly. heck the body for any injuries like burns check with the hand size of the casualties as its 1% for every hand if 5% and over they must go to hospital use cool water to clean the burn and use cling film to cover the burn not pads or bandages as the would stick to the skin . Make sure the go straight to the hospital remember when cool down a burn to leave it under cold water for at least 10 min 7. 2. Describe how to treat burns and scalds to an infant and a child. First remove any watches jewellery then By running the burn under the cooled water tap for at least 10 min,s .
Then you should cover the burn with cling film only as this keeps the womb clean and fresh and does not have any bits that can stick and irritate the skin. Then go straight to hospital 8. 1. Describe how poisons enter the body. Passions can enter the body by injecting or penetrating the skin and entering you blood stream. They can also enter though mouth by eating tasting drinking. They can also enter the body when breathing though your nose and mouth. Like breathing in gases. 8. 2. Describe how to recognise and treat an infant and a child affected by common poisonous substances, including plants.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning are first history of pills / smoke/ etc. they may feel drowsy / confused and may fall in to unconsciousness. They may have vomiting or diarrhoea, headache dizziness and blurred vision. They may have chest pain and breathing difficulties. They maybe redness or blistering to the skin where a poison may have enter the body . they may have burns or chemicals to the skin and fits or a anaphylactic shock . the treatment to give is get a good history of the child and check A. B. C,s . f the child is unconscious and as breathing difficulties place them in the recovery position and be prepared to resuscitate . if carrying out ventilation protect yourself . if corrosive give sips of water . . take child in to fresh air and rinse away any chemicals . Identify the poison and seek medical help straight away . do not put yourself at risk or contaminate yourself and others and do not induce vomiting . 8. 3. Identify sources of information that provide procedures for treating those affected by poisonous substances.